West Indies History?

The archipelagos known as the West Indies are positioned in the Caribbean Sea and in the Atlantic Ocean between North and South America. The Caribbean archipelago stretches from Cuba in the northeast to Trinidad and Tobago inside the southwest and consists of the islands of Aruba, Bonaire, and Curaçao that lie off the Venezuelan coast. The Lucayan Archipelago inside the Atlantic Ocean consists of the northeastern islands of Cuba and Hispaniola, called the Bahamas, and the Turks and Caicos Islands.

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The Caribbean archipelago bureaucracy the jap border of the Caribbean Sea. At its western stop, Caribbean waters contact the coasts of Central and South America and their coasts (Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala and Belize), in addition to Mexico.

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The West Indies are a multiethnic, multicultural, multilingual and multinational organization of islands which are home to the descendants of Aboriginal, European, African and Asian peoples. These cultures combination right into a cultural identification referred to as West Indian or Caribbean.

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British West Indies

The former colonies of England or Great Britain inside the Caribbean and the Lucayan Islands have been once referred to as the British West Indies. Great Britain grow to be one of the vital European powers that fought for and annexed those island chains, drawing wealth thru sugar and other agriculture-primarily based plantation economies.

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The islands of the West Indies were alternately occupied by using way of Spain, Great Britain, France, the Netherlands, Denmark and other small European principalities. Because of this, the islands had been said in colonial corporations as the Spanish Caribbean, the British West Indies, the French West Indies, the Dutch West Indies, and the Danish West Indies.

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During the twentieth century, specially after World War II, the West Indies islands have grow to be impartial nations, individuals of the Commonwealth of European Nations, or protectorates and territories of European nations or the USA. While every island is now noted by using an man or woman call that displays its political reputation and reality, the word ‘West Indies’ is still used as a significant time period for the people and life-style of the place, specifically the English-talking peoples. Is applied.

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West Indies Islands Map

The islands referred to as the West Indies all through the duration of European colonization embody the islands of the Caribbean archipelago (Cuba to Trinidad and Tobago) and the Lucayan archipelago (Bahamas and Turks and Caicos).

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Map Of Islands Known As West Indies

West Indies vs Caribbean

‘West Indies’ is a European colonial term, coined through way of Christopher Columbus on his first voyage to the Western Hemisphere. In 1492, he landed in San Salvador within the Bahamas and later went to Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Cuba and St. Croix. He believed that he have become the East Indies, the islands stated these days as Indonesia and Malaysia. When their mistake changed into located, the islands they landed on had been renamed the West Indies.

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The area is also referred to as the Caribbean, named after the Kalinago or Carib indigenous human beings, but now not all global locations in the Caribbean Sea are considered a part of the West Indies. 

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Traditionally, the West Indies consists of the Lucayan Archipelago and the Caribbean Archipelago, that is made from the Greater and Lesser Antilles. The region referred to as the Caribbean consists of the complete Caribbean Sea and its surrounding coasts.

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The islands of the Caribbean archipelago also are called the Greater and Lesser Antilles. Medieval maps described a mythical land within the west of Europe referred to as Antilia.

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The Greater Antilles consists of the larger islands of Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico. The Lesser Antilles consists of small islands starting from the British and US Virgin Islands inside the north to Trinidad and Tobago within the south.

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West Indies History

The history of the West Indies varies for each island and predates the appearance of Columbus within the Western Hemisphere. However, in the very last 500 years a few topics have related the islands. 

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From the encounters of Europeans with the tribal life-style that had lived there for heaps of years, to the boom and improvement of commercialism, capitalism, colonialism, and slavery to race, class, and colonization and finally to resistance, revolt, and self-willpower – the history of the West Indies Full of narratives that offer insight into the closing five centuries of global history. West Indian data is the statistics of a combination of peoples, cultures and monetary structures, which a few say changed into a prelude to the globalization experienced nowadays.

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Pre-Colonial Times

When European colonization started, the West Indies islands have been home to at least  agencies of indigenous humans, the Taino and the Kalinago.

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The Taíno have been a part of the Arawakan tribes who’re said to have migrated north from South America via Trinidad, Granada, Martinique, Guadea.Loupe, Antigua, St. Croix, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, Jamaica, and Cuba. Columbus and the Spanish colonists encountered the Taino in Hispaniola, where an anticipated three million of them lived. 

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The Taino lived in villages of about 2,000 human beings, which featured regions for non secular, ceremonial and sport sports.

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The Kalinago additionally migrated north from South America and have been located in Dominica, Montserrat, St. Kitts, St. Croix, and other islands of the Lesser Antilles. The Kalinago, or Caribs as they have been known as through the Spanish, had been said to be warlike and expert mariners. 

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They subjugated the Taino in the Lesser Antilles and were said to have given Columbus a unfavourable reception while he landed at Salt River Bay on St. Croix on his second voyage. Both agencies had been decimated within 50 years of contact with the Spanish: the Taino with the resource of enslavement, dying, and disorder and the Kalinago through targeted military campaigns led via the Spanish.

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The descendants of the Taino are located inside the mixed-race populations of the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Cuba and smaller islands. There is a remnant population of the Kalinago living on the island of Dominica in recent times. The name Caribbean is derived from the word Carib.

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