Where Are The West Indies Islands?

The  archipelagos called the West Indies are positioned within the Caribbean Sea and inside the Atlantic Ocean among North and South America. The Caribbean archipelago stretches from Cuba inside the northeast to Trinidad and Tobago in the southwest and includes the islands of Aruba, Bonaire, and Curaçao that lie off the Venezuelan coast. The Lucayan Archipelago inside the Atlantic Ocean includes the northeastern islands of Cuba and Hispaniola, known as the Bahamas, and the Turks and Caicos Islands.

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The Caribbean archipelago bureaucracy the jap border of the Caribbean Sea. At its western stop, Caribbean waters contact the coasts of Central and South America and their coasts (Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala and Belize), in addition to Mexico.

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The West Indies are a multiethnic, multicultural, multilingual and multinational employer of islands which might be home to the descendants of Aboriginal, European, African and Asian peoples. These cultures combination proper into a cultural identification known as West Indian or Caribbean.

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British West Indies

The former colonies of England or Great Britain in the Caribbean and the Lucayan Islands were as soon as called the British West Indies. Great Britain end up one of the crucial European powers that fought for and annexed those island chains, drawing wealth through sugar and different agriculture-primarily based plantation economies.

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The islands of the West Indies have been alternately occupied by means of the usage of way of Spain, Great Britain, France, the Netherlands, Denmark and other small European principalities. Because of this, the islands were stated in colonial corporations as the Spanish Caribbean, the British West Indies, the French West Indies, the Dutch West Indies, and the Danish West Indies.

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During the twentieth century, particularly after World War II, the West Indies islands have grow to be independent countries, people of the Commonwealth of European Nations, or protectorates and territories of European nations or the united states. While each island is now mentioned via using an person name that presentations its political popularity and fact, the phrase ‘West Indies’ is still used as a huge term for the human beings and life-style of the region, especially the English-speaking peoples. Is applied.

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West Indies Islands Map

The islands called the West Indies throughout the length of European colonization embody the islands of the Caribbean archipelago (Cuba to Trinidad and Tobago) and the Lucayan archipelago (Bahamas and Turks and Caicos).

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Map Of Islands Known As West Indies

West Indies vs Caribbean

‘West Indies’ is a European colonial term, coined thru way of Christopher Columbus on his first voyage to the Western Hemisphere. In 1492, he landed in San Salvador within the Bahamas and later went to Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Cuba and St. Croix. He believed that he have come to be the East Indies, the islands said these days as Indonesia and Malaysia. When their mistake changed into located, the islands they landed on were renamed the West Indies.

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The place is likewise referred to as the Caribbean, named after the Kalinago or Carib indigenous humans, however not all international places within the Caribbean Sea are considered a part of the West Indies. 

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Traditionally, the West Indies consists of the Lucayan Archipelago and the Caribbean Archipelago, that is made from the Greater and Lesser Antilles. The vicinity known as the Caribbean consists of the complete Caribbean Sea and its surrounding coasts.

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The islands of the Caribbean archipelago also are called the Greater and Lesser Antilles. Medieval maps described a mythical land in the west of Europe called Antilia.

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The Greater Antilles includes the bigger islands of Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico. The Lesser Antilles consists of small islands beginning from the British and US Virgin Islands in the north to Trinidad and Tobago inside the south.

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West Indies History

The records of the West Indies varies for every island and predates the arrival of Columbus within the Western Hemisphere. However, in the final 500 years a few topics have associated the islands. 

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From the encounters of Europeans with the tribal lifestyle that had lived there for heaps of years, to the increase and development of commercialism, capitalism, colonialism, and slavery to race, elegance, and colonization and sooner or later to resistance, revolt, and self-self-discipline – the history of the West Indies Full of narratives that offer perception into the closing 5 centuries of worldwide history. West Indian information is the statistics of a aggregate of peoples, cultures and monetary systems, which a few say modified right into a prelude to the globalization experienced in recent times.

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Pre-Colonial Times

When European colonization started out, the West Indies islands had been domestic to at least  companies of indigenous humans, the Taino and the Kalinago.

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The Taíno have been a part of the Arawakan tribes who are said to have migrated north from South America via Trinidad, Granada, Martinique, Guadea.Loupe, Antigua, St. Croix, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, Jamaica, and Cuba. Columbus and the Spanish colonists encountered the Taino in Hispaniola, wherein an expected 3 million of them lived. 

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The Taino lived in villages of about 2,000 people, which featured areas for spiritual, ceremonial and sport sports activities.

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The Kalinago moreover migrated north from South America and were positioned in Dominica, Montserrat, St. Kitts, St. Croix, and different islands of the Lesser Antilles. The Kalinago, or Caribs as they have been known as via the Spanish, have been stated to be warlike and expert mariners. 

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They subjugated the Taino inside the Lesser Antilles and had been stated to have given Columbus a detrimental reception whilst he landed at Salt River Bay on St. Croix on his second voyage. Both groups were decimated within 50 years of contact with the Spanish: the Taino with the aid of enslavement, loss of life, and disease and the Kalinago through targeted army campaigns led via the Spanish.

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The descendants of the Taino are placed within the combined-race populations of the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Cuba and smaller islands. There is a remnant populace of the Kalinago residing at the island of Dominica these days. The call Caribbean is derived from the phrase Carib.

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